Inside the brain, als pass between cells called neurons. These als become thoughts, memories, emotions and reactions to the world.
Cannabis — as in, the name of the plant that produces marijuana and the substance itself — is no longer considered as taboo as it once was.
In fact, 14 percent of American adults have used marijuana in the last year. Keyhani S, et al. Risks and benefits of marijuana use: A national survey of U. DOI: Before it became illegal, cannabis was long used as a medicine. The U. Zuardi AW, et al. History of cannabis as a medicine: A review.
Marijuana, memory, and the hippocampus
Medical use of cannabis and cannabinoids containing products — Regulations in Europe and North America. You typically hear about two types of cannabis: C. They work in similar ways, with some notable differences. Sawler J, et al. The genetic structure of marijuana and hemp. Cannabis plants produce chemical compounds called cannabinoids. More than unique cannabinoids have been identified in different strains of the cannabis plant. Lafaye G. Cannabis, cannabinoids, and health. The more THC you have, the more powerful the high.
The specific effects differ from person to person, but a few are common. Oleson EB, et al. A brain on cannabinoids: The role of dopamine release in reward seeking. You know that time you thought you smelled a skunk, but it turned out to be someone smoking a J nearby? Those are the terpenes at work.
But recently researchers have found that they can do a whole lot more than that. It turns out that terpenes play a role in how weed hits you. Russo EB, et al. Chapter 3: Cannabis pharmacology: The usual suspects and a few promising le.
Cannabinoid Pharmacology. This is the compound of greatest interest for medical marijuana. You need both in the product to work together. First, a quick neuroscience lesson: Your brain is made up of billions of neurons and neural circuits. Neurons are long cells that are clustered near each other with a tiny space between their active sites. To bridge the gap or synapse between neighboring neurons, chemicals called neurotransmitters deliver messages by traveling from one neuron to another.
They then attach to molecules called receptors. Your body has many types, including endocannabinoid receptors. Piomelli D. The endocannabinoid system: A drug discovery perspective. Since the cannabinoids in marijuana look and act the same as the kind your body makes, they latch on to the cannabinoid receptors in your brain.
There are two known types. First up, CB1 cannabinoids are mostly located in parts of your brain associated with learning, memory, reward, anxiety, pain, and movement control.
Here’s what actually happens when you smoke weed
Then there are the CB2 cannabinoids, which are associated with your immune system. Ameri A. The effects of cannabinoids on the brain. Chemistry, metabolism, and toxicology of cannabis: Clinical implications. Getting high on the endocannabinoid system. The exogenous cannabinoids throw your usual neuron functions out of whack, boosting certain als and interfering with others.
Just how quickly do you feel those ?
Well, it all depends on whether you smoke, vape, or consume edibles. Weed experiences vary from person to person.
Why does the brain react to pot?
What produces paranoia in one person might not have the same effects in someone else. The NIH says you can expect these side effects, among others:. Science can explain certain feelings like muscle relaxation and hunger, but the exact formula needed to create an identical reaction in everyone?
But recently researchers have started questioning conventional wisdom on strains.
She and Rudroff both say this is due to the amount of crossbreeding that has happened. As for the consequences of habitual pot use, the jury is out. One recent study found that using pot regularly for 20 years resulted in higher incidences of gum disease but not much else.
Hill KP, et al. Minimal physical health risk associated with long-term cannabis use — but buyer beware.
Another study that measured cognitive performance found that middle-aged users had poorer verbal memory than their non-using counterparts. Hall W, et al. Long-term marijuana use and cognitive impairment in middle age. However, Rudroff adds that effects seem to be highly dependent on the age at which you start using. He says people who start at a younger age — when the brain is not fully developed — may have more negative effects later in life. Researchers have only scratched the surface of this powerful plant. If you decide to indulge, we recommend you do so responsibly.
Everyone has a different sweet spot.
The science of marijuana: how thc affects the brain
Start slow and get to know the dose that works for you. Can weed help you win? Researchers are exploring how toking can effect your fitness game, and cannabis has some surprising effects — both good and bad. After struggling with exercise her whole life, author Catherine Goldberg describes how using marijuana helped her find enjoyment and energy from her…. A cannabis educator shares everything you need to…. Using weed safely means understanding how it works. Cannabis is neither a miracle drug nor the Devil incarnate. We blaze the myths. Written by Amy Eisinger on October 13, How marijuana works.
The role of terpenes.
Marijuana research report
What about CBD? Effects of weed on the brain. How long it takes to get high. What it feels like to get high. Long-term effects of marijuana. The bottom line. Read this next. Chill or Anxious AF?