Addiction —to prescription and street drugs and alcohol —is a serious problem. If you think you or someone you know has a problem, seek help right away. The sooner an addict gets help, the better. s you may have a drug problem: You keep taking a drug after it's no longer needed for a health problem.
As the content manager at Advanced Recovery Systems, Melissa Carmona puts years of writing and editing The information has been screened and edited by health professionals to contain objective information on diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Contains bibliographic reference sources. A drug addiction or alcohol use disorder can be difficult to identify without understanding the s of addiction.
10 s of drug abuse or addiction
Substance use disorders can change the way people look, how they act and how they feel, and the symptoms of drug abuse can be physical, behavioral and psychological in nature. Not everyone who uses drugs or alcohol has a substance abuse problem. Understanding the s and symptoms of drug addiction is the first step towards getting help. Fortunately for concerned family members and friendsmany characteristics of addiction are easy to identify, and many types of drug addictions share similar s and symptoms.
If someone can recognize the symptoms of addiction, they may be able to help a friend or family member who struggles with this disease. If someone misuses drugs or alcohol, they may exhibit numerous physical s of drug abuse. Some of these s may be readily apparent, while others are easily hidden or occur as gradual changes. A person who misuses drugs or alcohol may act like a different person, too. There are just as many behavioral s of drug addiction as there are physical symptoms, and some of the most ificant include :.
Of the behavioral s of drug abuse, secretive behavior may be one of the most common and telling. Someone who struggles with addiction may become increasingly withdrawn from loved ones and often seeks privacy to obtain or use drugs. They may feel they need to keep their drug or alcohol use a secret and may lie about their whereabouts or activities.
Social, emotional and mental isolation are common s that someone needs help for a drug or alcohol addiction.
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People who face a substance use disorder may isolate themselves from their partners, friends or family members to keep their addiction a secret. If someone is repeatedly high or under the influence of alcohol, they may disregard their daily responsibilities, like attending work or school, running a household or taking care of pets and children. They may have difficulty remembering details of important appointments or blatantly ignore pressing deadlines or obligations. Drug addictions can be extremely costlydepending on the substance used. A person may repeatedly ask to borrow money from friends or family members or sell their possessions to maintain their drug addiction.
If someone does not get help for their substance use disorder, they may risk extreme financial stress and could face bankruptcy. When someone misuses drugs or alcohol, they may look and act in uncharacteristic ways. They may also think and feel differently than they normally do. Unexplained or seemingly unprovoked mood swings can occur when someone is struggling with addiction.
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When the person is high, they may be hyperactive, affectionate or excitable. As soon as the high wears off and withdrawal symptoms set in, they may become angry, irritable or even verbally abusive. Paranoid thoughts can happen in people who struggle with substance use disorders. Signs someone has a drug problem addiction treatment, paranoid delusions can be addressed through counseling options like cognitive behavioral therapy. Someone who struggles with a substance use disorder may feel like a slave to their disease, unable to stop using drugs even when they attempt to.
Feelings of hopelessness and despair may accompany withdrawal symptoms like extreme lethargy, which can cause someone to feel unmotivated or unable to overcome addiction. Drastic changes in mood can occur in substance use disorders, along with hypersensitivity and increased irritability. Someone who experiences painful physical withdrawal symptoms may be incredibly irritable and lash out at others in anger unexpectedly. However, like other substance-induced changes in mood, feelings of irritability can be addressed by a therapist in individual counseling.
s of alcohol abuse may include:. s of marijuana abuse may include:. s of stimulant abuse cocaine, methamphetamine, ecstasy, prescription stimulants [Adderall, Ritalin] may include:. s of inhalant abuse such as glue or aerosols may include:. s of benzodiazepine abuse Ativan, Xanax, Klonopin, Valium may include:.
For some individuals, substance abuse begins when they start socially experimenting with various substances. This can be the case with drugs such as amphetamines, alcohol, marijuana and prescription drugs. Opioid abuse can begin differently. People who become addicted to opioids are often prescribed prescription drugs, such as painkillers, often following something like an accident or surgery. They can then start taking higher doses of those prescription drugs, which can lead to abuse. They may also seek cheaper forms of opioids, such as heroin. When someone begins using drugs of any kind, they may start feeling as if they need larger and more frequent doses to get the same effects, even with something that started as social experimentation.
This is called tolerance. Drug use can start at any age. However, starting during childhood or adolescence is linked to an increased risk of dependence on the substance, where they feel like they need the drug to function normally.
Many studies on addiction risk factors have been conducted. Risk factors for addiction can be internal i.
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Some addiction risk factors include:. Here are some tips to keep in mind when discussing drug addiction and treatment See: Intervention with a loved one:. Drug and alcohol addictions are diseases, but they are treatable. Addiction treatment is offered at detox clinics, outpatient facilities and full-service rehab centers like The Recovery Village, but the quality of treatment can vary greatly among these facilities.
The ideal treatment for substance use disorders involves a combination of individual counseling and clinical care, which are key components in most rehab programs.
The Recovery Village offers a continuum of treatment programs that allow clients to heal progressively. These programs include:.
Drug and alcohol information
If you or a loved one need treatment for a drug or alcohol use disorder, you can search recovery resources by zip code or call The Recovery Village. Representatives are available to take your call, answer your questions about addiction and treatment and guide you toward a program that meets your needs. To get started with comprehensive substance use disorder treatment, contact The Recovery Village today. National Institutes of Health.
Accessed February 21, National Institute on Drug Abuse. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration. State of Hawaii Department of Health. The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes.
We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by d medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider. View our editorial policy or view our research. Proud Supporter. Alcohol Abuse. Should I Detox at Home? Am I an Alcoholic? What to Expect in Drug Rehab.
S you may have a drug problem:
What is Long Term Rehab? What to Pack for Rehab? Why is Accreditation Important? Don't wait another day. Help is a phone call away. By The Recovery Village. Editor Melissa Carmona. If you are a healthcare professional and you find any issue, please reach out to [ protected]. Common physical s include lethargy, bloodshot eyes, runny nose, irregular sleep and weight changes. Psychological s include paranoid thoughts, negative self-image, lack of motivation and feelings of apathy. Certain factors put people at a higher risk of addiction but drug addictions are treatable for everyone.
Table of Contents. How to Help Someone Struggling with Addiction. Are You Married to an Alcoholic.
How to Stage an Intervention. Secretive Behavior Of the behavioral s of drug abuse, secretive behavior may be one of the most common and telling. Isolating Oneself Social, emotional and mental isolation are common s that someone needs help for a drug or alcohol addiction.
S someone else is addicted:
Neglecting Responsibilities If someone is repeatedly high or under the influence of alcohol, they may disregard their daily responsibilities, like attending work or school, running a household or taking care of pets and children. Financial Problems Drug addictions can be extremely costlydepending on the substance used. Sudden Mood Swings Unexplained or seemingly unprovoked mood swings can occur when someone is struggling with addiction.
Paranoia Paranoid thoughts can happen in people who struggle with substance use disorders. Lack of Motivation Someone who struggles with a substance use disorder may feel like a slave to their disease, unable to stop using drugs even when they attempt to. Irritability Drastic changes in mood can occur in substance use disorders, along with hypersensitivity and increased irritability.