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Doberman Pinschers originated in Germany during the late 19th century, mostly bred as guard dogs. With their sleek coat, athletic build, and regal appearance, this pup looks like an aristocrat. Remember, you can find just about any breed of dog at local shelters and rescues. If you decide that this is the breed for you, adopt! DogTime recommends this big, spacious crate to give your big Doberman Pinscher a place to rest and relax. You should also pick up this dog brush and massager for your short-haired pup!


Below are all the different varieties of Doberman, but they may not all be what they seem, so make sure you read about each one. Click on any of the Doberman colors below to learn more. Click on any of the Doberman types below to learn more. There are seven possible colors that Dobermans can come in.

However, many people strongly believe they do exist. The reason for this may be a lot of confusion surrounding the white and albino Dobermans, but more on that in a bit.

All the colors and types of the doberman pinscher

There are two genes in the Doberman pertaining to color, a black gene, and a color dilution gene. These two genes can produce four color combinations. These four combinations are the only colors recognized by the AKC: black, red, blue and fawn with rust markings. I will also include some information about the typical temperament traits of each type whenever there appear to be common themes reported by owners. Every dog will have its own unique temperament of course, but since many Doberman owners claim that certain colors seem to have common temperament traits, I will describe those here.

Although please keep in mind that this information is quite anecdotal.

Breed characteristics:

In addition to the main coat color, this breed is known for its prominent rust or tan markings. Despite the various different colors, almost all of the variations have these traditional markings. Some American breed Dobermans even have a small white patch in the chest area. The black and rust Doberman is the most common color combination seen. This is the most traditional color and is the color most often depicted for this breed in movies and on television.

This color is known for their shiny, sleek coat. Due to their black coat, they can have issues with heat in the direct sun, although most dogs of this breed do not do well in extreme temperatures. The next most common color for the Doberman is the red and rust color. This color is slightly less common than the black, but still quite easy to find.

The coat on these dogs can range in color from a lighter copper-like tone to almost a dark chocolate tone. Others have described the color as a light brownish-red color.

Some owners report that red and rust Dobermans are easy going, a little more light-hearted, and less territorial. Dobermans, in general, are prone to some skin issues, but the red and rust varieties may be slightly more prone to these. The skin issues are usually minor and very treatable if they do arise, such as acne and light hair loss.

The blue and rust Doberman is a bit more rare than its red or black counterparts and is only an accepted standard color for the American variety. However, the blue color can still be a disqualifier for some dog shows. That is why this color is often avoided by breeders, making them less frequently seen. Actually, these dogs are not blue at all but are technically a diluted black.

However, they can appear to have a charcoal, gray, silver or even a purple tone to them. They can have some issues with a dry coat at times, but Rust doberman puppies are usually minor. However, these dogs are prone to suffering from color dilution alopecia CDA which is a genetic skin condition that can cause hair thinning, hair loss, or dry and itchy skin. The fawn colored Dobermans are the least common of the four standard colors but you can still find a fawn puppy with some patience. This color is only considered a breed standard for the American Doberman.

Like the blue color, since some dog shows will disqualify this color, it tends to be avoided by breeders making them a bit more rare. This is also the least popular of the four main colors.

The color in these dogs is technically a diluted red which makes them appear a fawn color. Like the blue Dobermans, they can suffer from some minor skin related issues such as ingrown hairs, staph infections, and acne.

They are also prone to color dilution alopecia, which can cause hair loss and dry or itchy skin.

These dogs have a genetic rarity that causes the excess production of melanin pigmentation, making them appear completely black in color. All black Dobermans are very rare and are not accepted as a breed standard for either the American or European variety since both require the typical rust colored markings, which these dogs often lack. Since these dogs cannot compete in shows or competitions, breeders generally avoid any breeding which might produce them.

Some believe that all black Dobermans may be the result of inbreeding, making them more prone to certain health issues. The jury is certainly still out on that. For more pictures and all about the controversy surrounding the all-black Doberman, see my article Are All-Black Dobermans Rare. This causes their coats to be a very light color but not completely whitewith even lighter colored markings. It also produces blue eyes, pink nose, lips, and eye rims.

White Dobermans are very rare and are not accepted as a breed standard for either American or European Dobermans and cannot compete, although the American Kennel Club AKC does acknowledge their existence. Many people consider it wrong or immoral to breed them since they are thought to be more prone to additional behavioral and health problems. Although this notion is strongly contested by many owners. The first white Doberman appeared in She was later bred with her son and her son was also bred with his sisters in an attempt to produce more white-colored offspring.

This inbreeding is what the critics cite as the reason for many of their health and behavioral issues. White Dobermans can suffer from eyesight problems including increased photosensitivity. They often close or squint their eyes in the sun as a result.

Video: all 9 colors of the doberman

Some people state they are prone to biting due to an increase of fear in the daylight due to poor eyesight. It is well established, however, that they can suffer sunburns and are much more prone to cancerous skin tumors, poor quality fur, and other skin issues.

A sunburn causing a dry, cracked, or peeling nose on these dogs is a potential concern due to the lack of pigment. Any potential owners of white Dobermans are encouraged to ensure that extensive health screening is done prior to deciding to take one home.

Also, be aware that you may encounter higher medical bills during the life of the dog as compared to other varieties. A full albino Doberman has no pigmentation at all. In fact, they lack the gene that allows them to produce any pigment.

Rust doberman puppies dog is ificantly more white in color than the white or cream colored dog mentioned in the section. The easiest way to tell if the dog is just a white partial albino Doberman or a full albino is with the color of the eyes. True, full albino Dobermans are not known to exist. However, it is theoretically possible and since some advertise their dogs as such, I decided to include it on this list. A true albino in any breed is incredibly rare and are the result of a genetic mutation called tyrosinase. Those who advertise their Doberman as true albino are inaccurate as they always have blue eyes and by definition, a full albino is not capable of producing blue eyes as that requires at least some pigmentation.

Any full albino Doberman should, in theory, suffer from similar medical issues as the white colored version listed above. They will have photosensitivity, potentially poor eyesight especially in bright settingsprone to sunburns and cancerous skin tumors. They would also likely suffer from poor quality fur and other skin problems.

Doberman pinscher dog breed pictures

For a very in-depth discussion about the controversy surrounding the white and albino issue, see The Albino Doberman Controversy by Caroline Coile, Ph. There are two very different types of Doberman—the American and European varieties. Both are potentially great dogs but they do have some very different traits.

Below are the main physical and temperamental traits that set the American version apart from their European counterparts. TIP: For a complete list of the differences between the two main types of Doberman including a diagram of the physical differencessee my article American vs. However, this can vary drastically as each individual dog will have their own temperamental predispositions. American breeders are more likely to desire a show dog that can collect impressive titles which in turn can help the breeder to produce more desirable offspring in the future.

There are fewer regulations surrounding breeding in America but there tends to be additional emphasis placed on health screenings, so these dogs are much more likely to be screened for potential health defects by responsible breeders. Also, in America, a more family-oriented dog is desirable over a working dog and these dogs are bred with that in mind.

However, they generally do well in agility and obedience competitions. The European Doberman is certainly different, both physically and temperamentally, from its American counterpart. Below are the main physical and temperamental traits that set them apart. Besides their physical differences, such as being bigger and more muscular, European Dobermans are also said to possess a Rust doberman puppies amount of drive and stamina.

This makes them exceptional at guard work. They also tend to make great military, police, and search and rescue dogs for this reason. There are a of regulations surrounding breeding of these dogs in Europe, including temperment testing prior to receiving approval to breed.

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By: Author Richard Jeng.