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Synthetic cathinones, more commonly known as "bath salts," are human-made stimulants chemically related to cathinone, a substance found in the khat plant. Khat is a shrub grown in East Africa and southern Arabia, where some people chew its leaves for their mild stimulant effects. Human-made versions of cathinone can be much stronger than the natural product and, in some cases, very dangerous. Synthetic cathinones usually take the form of a white or brown crystal-like powder and are sold in small plastic or foil packages labeled "not for human consumption. Synthetic cathinones are part of a group of drugs that concern public health officials called "new psychoactive substances" NPS. NPS are unregulated psychoactive mind-altering substances with no legitimate medical use and are made to copy the effects of controlled substances.

Description

Synthetic cathinones, more commonly known as bath salts, are human-made stimulants chemically related to cathinone, a substance found in the khat plant.

Khat is a shrub grown in East Africa and southern Arabia, where some people chew its leaves for their mild stimulant effects. Human-made versions of cathinone can be much stronger than the natural product and, in some cases, very dangerous. Synthetic cathinone products marketed as bath salts should not be confused with products such as Epsom salt that people use during bathing. These bathing products have no mind-altering ingredients.

Synthetic cathinones usually take the form of a white or brown crystal-like powder and are sold in small plastic or foil packages labeled "not for human consumption.

What are synthetic cathinones ("bath salts")?

Synthetic cathinones are part of a group of drugs that concern public health officials called new psychoactive substances NPS. NPS are unregulated psychoactive mind-altering substances with no legitimate medical use and are made to copy the effects of controlled substances. They are introduced and reintroduced into the market in quick succession to dodge or hinder law enforcement efforts to address their manufacture and sale.

Synthetic cathinones are marketed as cheap substitutes for other stimulants such as amphetamines and cocaine. Much is still unknown about how synthetic cathinones affect the human brain. Researchers do know that synthetic cathinones are chemically similar to drugs like amphetamines, cocaine, and MDMA. A study found that 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone MDPVa common synthetic cathinone, affects the brain in a manner similar to cocaine, but is at least 10 times more powerful.

MDPV is the most common synthetic cathinone found in the blood and urine of patients admitted to emergency departments after taking bath salts. Molly—slang for molecular—refers to drugs that are supposed to be the pure crystal powder form of MDMA. Usually purchased in capsules, Molly has become more popular in the past few years.

Some people use Molly to avoid additives such as caffeine, methamphetamine, and other harmful drugs commonly found in MDMA pills sold as Ecstasy. But those who take what they think is pure Molly may be exposing themselves to the same risks. Law enforcement sources have reported that Molly capsules contain harmful substances including synthetic cathinones.

For example, hundreds of Molly capsules tested in two South Florida crime labs in contained methylone, a dangerous synthetic cathinone.

Molly are these your bath salts?

Raised heart rate, blood pressure, and chest pain are some other health effects of synthetic cathinones. People who experience delirium often suffer from dehydration, breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, and kidney failure. The worst outcomes are associated with snorting or needle injection. Intoxication from synthetic cathinones has resulted in death.

A trip on “bath salts” is cheaper than meth or cocaine but much more dangerous

Yes, synthetic cathinones can be addictive. Animal studies show that rats will compulsively self-administer synthetic cathinones. Human users have reported that the drugs trigger intense, uncontrollable urges to use the drug again. Taking synthetic cathinones can cause strong withdrawal symptoms that include:.

Synthetics (bath salts, flakka, nbome, synthetic marijuana)

As with all addictions, health care providers should screen for co-occurring mental health conditions. While there are no FDA-approved medicines for synthetic cathinone addiction, there are medicines available for common co-occurring conditions. This publication is available for your use and may be reproduced in its entirety without permission from NIDA. Department of Health and Human Services.

Bath salts

National Institutes of Health. Drug Topics. More Drug Topics. About NIDA. What are synthetic cathinones?

Points to Remember Synthetic cathinones, more commonly known as bath salts, are drugs that contain one or more human-made chemicals related to cathinone, a stimulant found in the khat plant. Synthetic cathinones are marketed as cheap substitutes for other stimulants such as methamphetamine and cocaine.

People typically swallow, snort, smoke, or inject synthetic cathinones. Much is still unknown about how the chemicals in synthetic cathinones affect the human brain. Synthetic cathinones can cause: paranoia increased sociability increased sex drive hallucinations panic attacks Intoxication from synthetic cathinones has resulted in death.

Synthetic cathinones can be addictive.

What are synthetic cathinones?

Behavioral therapy may be used to treat addiction to synthetic cathinones. No medications are currently available to treat addiction to synthetic cathinones. July

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