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Contains bibliographic reference sources. Loved ones of a teen often find themselves playing detective, trying to crack the code to teen behavior, emotions or texting terms. If you suspect your teen is using drugsthe detective work only gets harder because teens are often purposefully covering their tracks. What looks like a soda can may actually be a hiding place for marijuana. Drug slang allows teens to talk about drugs openly without raising any red flags at school or at home. If you see or even think your teen may be using drugsstaying educated on the latest slang is essential to catch the substance abuse problem early.
And if it does turn out your teen has an addiction to drugs or alcoholthis early detection will play a key role in getting them the help they need as quickly as possible. Here are some of the most common terms used for popular drugs of abuse.
Intended to help kids with attention disorders, Adderall is now the poster child of prescription drug abuse among teens. Adderall is also among the most popular study aid drugswhich teens seek out to increase their focus and energy levels on exam days and for all-night study sessions.
Inapproximately 3. In some cases, young people simply know where to buy Adderall on the street i. Bath salts have become popular through word of mouth amongst teens and are also available in gas stations and convenience stores.
Innearly 23, ER visits in the U. One of the most notorious illicit drugs, cocaine is a white powder that causes a short burst of energy and euphoria when snorted, smoked or injected. Cocaine highs fade quickly and leave users craving another hit, often turning casual teen cocaine abuse into a lasting addiction. Approximately 3. The active ingredient in several major cough syrups, dextromethorphan or DXMis responsible for the intoxicating effects — and even a chemical dependency, in some cases.
Codeine cough syrups, which are even more potent, were recently taken off the shelves because of how dangerous they are, but teens can still get them from somebody with a prescription. More than 2.
Meth addiction can occur after the first use and can contribute to many other serious health problems. Surveys have shown that one in 33 teens in the U. Ecstasy has become the go-to club drug for young people and is often used at parties, nightclubs, concerts and music festivals.
Ecstasy — which is the chemical MDMA, often mixed with other ingredients — causes a rush of dopamine a chemical that regulates happiness and related sensations in the brain, and is known to make users feel more connected to each other. In3. Along with the many side effects of ecstasy e. Heroin goes by many names. Once it enters the body, heroin blocks the pain receptors in the brain, inducing a numb, euphoric state for a period of hours. This intensely addictive drug is typically used by injection with a needle.
Inonly around 0. Between andheroin use in the U. Inan estimated 21, adolescents had used heroin in the past year and an estimated 6, adolescents had a teen heroin addiction in One of the most common ways that teens experiment with getting high is by breathing in gas, cleaners, markers and other household objects with noxious fumes.
These types of items are referred to as inhalants. When a teen uses an inhalant, they will often empty some of the contents onto a rag or into a plastic bag, and then hold it to their face and breathe in. This is called huffing.
In a survey, 5. Depending on the chemical they use, huffing will usually cause lightheadedness and a very brief feeling of euphoria. Inhalants can also do serious damage to the brain.
Regular use can lead to heart damage and other major health problems. Created as a veterinary anesthetic, ketamine is a colorless liquid or white powder that has a tranquilizing effect and causes both breathing and the heart rate to slow down.
LSD is typically sold on small squares of paper similar to postage stamps or absorbed into sugar cubes, which are then ingested. In its most basic form, LSD is a clear, odorless liquid.
Last year, 3. When smoked, marijuana releases THC, a potent psychoactive chemical. This makes the user feel relaxed, heightens their senses and has a mild hallucinogenic effect. It can also cause paranoia and impaired motor function.
Popular drug slang used by teens
Psychedelic mushrooms can closely resemble the mushrooms used in cooking and are grown in a similar way. Unlike mushrooms used for cooking, there are nearly species of mushrooms that contain psilocybin, a mind-altering chemical.
Teens may trip on psilocybin mushrooms much like they would on LSD — eating them can lead to an altered sense of space and time, hallucinations and euphoria, along with nausea and panic attacks. Oxycodone, the generic name for the brand name OxyContin, is a narcotic painkiller prescribed in slow-release pills that work over a period of 12 hours. The drug has a high risk for abuse and dependence. Although the tablets are slow-release, teens crush them into a powder and snort them, releasing the full amount and potency of the drug all at once. The drug remains a danger to teens, and as many as 1.
Many people who become addicted to oxycodone move to using heroin, as heroin delivers a similar feeling and is often cheaper and easier to obtain. Ritalin is a slightly less common, but equally dangerous relative of the drug Adderall.
Teens abuse it as a study aid drug to get an edge when writing papers and cramming for tests. Most teens get their Ritalin from siblings, classmates or from their doctors. In addition to helping them with school, some may use the drug to lose weight.
Once they begin taking the drug though, the risk of addiction is extremely high. Overdoses, along with several other serious health problems, are not uncommon. Similar to bath salts, a of companies began selling synthetic marijuana in the s.
In some cases — after just a single use — synthetic marijuana side effects have led to serious health issues or even death. The U. Vicodin is another brand-name prescription narcotic. This powerful painkiller is a combination of hydrocodone and acetaminophen, and inthe DEA reclassified it from a schedule III to a schedule II drug due to its widespread misuse and potential for addiction.
Inmore than million Vicodin prescriptions were written. But once they start taking it, it can be difficult to Blow is slang for what drug. The more they use, the greater their risk of serious side effects, like twitching, depression and seizures. Teens who mix Xanax with alcohol or other drugs are especially at risk. This dissociative anesthetic drug drives users into disorientation and causes a loss of bodily and mental control. Not only can PCP lead to mental health issues such as severe depressionbut it can cause psychosis.
In fact, many tragic suicides, murders and accidental deaths have been attributed to PCP use. Though PCP is not as common as drugs like cocaine, thousands of American teenagers put themselves at risk by using this substance. If you notice s of addictionand you hear your teen and their friends use some of this slang, they may have a drug abuse or drug addiction problem. Addiction is a disease, not a moral failing or the result of bad parenting — and recovery requires professional drug treatment.
The longer an addiction goes untreated, the more difficult treatment becomes. The social stigma of drug addiction can make it feel even more difficult to take action. We recommend speaking to a medical or treatment professional, like your family doctor or contacting us. Our intake coordinators can answer any questions you may have and help you find teen rehab facilities if you decide inpatient or outpatient rehab are right for your family. All conversations are free and confidential, with no strings attached. Sources National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Accessed June 16, Preidt, Robert. Hitti, Miranda. Merlan, Anna. Matthew; Bohm, Michele. American Society of Addiction Medicine. Arnold, Chris.